From: Will Schmidt on
[PATCH, RT, RFC] Hacks allowing -rt to run on POWER7 / Powerpc.

We've been seeing some issues with userspace randomly SIGSEGV'ing while
running the -RT kernels on POWER7 based systems. After lots of
debugging, head scratching, and experimental changes to the code, the
problem has been narrowed down such that we can avoid the problems by
disabling the TLB batching.

After some input from Ben and further debug, we've found that the
restoration of the batch->active value near the end of __switch_to()
seems to be the key. ( The -RT related changes within
arch/powerpc/kernel/processor.c __switch_to() do the equivalent of a
arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode() before calling _switch, use a hadbatch flag
to indicate if batching was active, and then restore that batch->active
value on the way out after the call to _switch_to. That particular
code is in the -RT branch, and not found in mainline )

Deferring to Ben (or others in the know) for whether this is the proper
solution or if there is something deeper, but..
IF the right answer is to simply disable the restoration of
batch->active, the rest of the CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT changes in
__switch_to() should then be replaceable with a single call to

The patch here is what I am currently running with, on both POWER6 and
POWER7 systems, successfully.

Signed-off-by: Will Schmidt <will_schmidt(a)>
CC: Ben Herrenschmidt <benh(a)>
CC: Thomas Gleixner <tglx(a)>

diff -aurp linux- linux-
--- linux- 2010-06-21 11:41:34.402513904 -0500
+++ linux- 2010-07-09 13:15:13.533269904 -0500
@@ -304,10 +304,6 @@ struct task_struct *__switch_to(struct t
struct thread_struct *new_thread, *old_thread;
unsigned long flags;
struct task_struct *last;
-#if defined(CONFIG_PPC64) && defined (CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT)
- struct ppc64_tlb_batch *batch;
- int hadbatch;

/* avoid complexity of lazy save/restore of fpu
@@ -401,16 +397,6 @@ struct task_struct *__switch_to(struct t
new_thread->start_tb = current_tb;

- batch = &__get_cpu_var(ppc64_tlb_batch);
- if (batch->active) {
- hadbatch = 1;
- if (batch->index) {
- __flush_tlb_pending(batch);
- }
- batch->active = 0;
- }
-#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT */

@@ -425,16 +411,13 @@ struct task_struct *__switch_to(struct t
* of sync. Hard disable here.
- last = _switch(old_thread, new_thread);
- local_irq_restore(flags);

#if defined(CONFIG_PPC64) && defined(CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT)
- if (hadbatch) {
- batch = &__get_cpu_var(ppc64_tlb_batch);
- batch->active = 1;
- }
+ arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode();
+ last = _switch(old_thread, new_thread);
+ local_irq_restore(flags);

return last;

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