From: David Monaghan on 3 Feb 2010 19:39 I have a small program which reads files from the directory in which it resides. It's written in Python 3 and when run through IDLE or PythonWin works fine. If I double-click the file, it works fine in Python 2.6, but in 3 it fails because it looks for the files to load in the Python31 folder, not the one the script is in. It's not a big deal, but browsing around I haven't found why the behaviour has been changed or any comment about it (That might be my poor search technique, I suppose). The program fails at: try: tutdoc = minidom.parse(".//Myfile.xml") except IOError: DaveM From: Alf P. Steinbach on 3 Feb 2010 21:56 * David Monaghan:> I have a small program which reads files from the directory in which it > resides. It's written in Python 3 and when run through IDLE or PythonWin > works fine. If I double-click the file, it works fine in Python 2.6, but in > 3 it fails because it looks for the files to load in the Python31 folder, > not the one the script is in. > > It's not a big deal, but browsing around I haven't found why the behaviour > has been changed or any comment about it (That might be my poor search > technique, I suppose). > > The program fails at: > > try: > tutdoc = minidom.parse(".//Myfile.xml") > except IOError: > The "//" is wrong, but should not cause the behavior that you describe. Try to post a complete smallest possible program that exhibits the problem. Possibly, in creating that example you'll also find what's cause the problem. :-) Cheers & hth., - Alf From: Benjamin Kaplan on 3 Feb 2010 22:14 On Wed, Feb 3, 2010 at 9:56 PM, Alf P. Steinbach wrote:> * David Monaghan: >> >> I have a small program which reads files from the directory in which it >> resides. It's written in Python 3 and when run through IDLE or PythonWin >> works fine. If I double-click the file, it works fine in Python 2.6, but >> in >> 3 it fails because it looks for the files to load in the Python31 folder, >> not the one the script is in. >> >> It's not a big deal, but browsing around I haven't found why the behaviour >> has been changed or any comment about it (That might be my poor search >> technique, I suppose). >> >> The program fails at: >> >>    try: >>        tutdoc = minidom.parse(".//Myfile.xml") >>    except IOError: >>         > > The "//" is wrong, but should not cause the behavior that you describe. > > Try to post a complete smallest possible program that exhibits the problem. > > Possibly, in creating that example you'll also find what's cause the > problem. :-) > > > Cheers & hth., > > - Alf That is the smallest example the exhibits the problem. It's not an issue with the Python code, it's an issue with how Windows is running it. I don't know enough about the way Windows Explorer runs files, but it seems to be doing the equivalent of cd C:\Python31 python31.exe C:\full\path\to\script\foo.py instead of cd C:\full\path\path\to\script C:\Python31\python.exe foo.py which is David expected. This throws off the relative filepath. The easiest way to solve this permanently, by the way, is to not use relative paths. All it takes is one script to call os.chdir and the script breaks. You can use __file__ and the os.path module to figure out exactly where you are in an OS-agnostic way. import os.path #get the absolute path to the current script abs_path = os.path.abspath(__file__) # get the full path to the directory of the script directory = os.path.dirname(abs_path) #get the full path to your file my_file = os.path.join(directory, "MyFile.xml") > -- > http://mail.python.org/mailman/listinfo/python-list > From: Alf P. Steinbach on 3 Feb 2010 23:18 * Benjamin Kaplan:> On Wed, Feb 3, 2010 at 9:56 PM, Alf P. Steinbach wrote: >> * David Monaghan: >>> I have a small program which reads files from the directory in which it >>> resides. It's written in Python 3 and when run through IDLE or PythonWin >>> works fine. If I double-click the file, it works fine in Python 2.6, but >>> in >>> 3 it fails because it looks for the files to load in the Python31 folder, >>> not the one the script is in. >>> >>> It's not a big deal, but browsing around I haven't found why the behaviour >>> has been changed or any comment about it (That might be my poor search >>> technique, I suppose). >>> >>> The program fails at: >>> >>> try: >>> tutdoc = minidom.parse(".//Myfile.xml") >>> except IOError: >>> >> The "//" is wrong, but should not cause the behavior that you describe. >> >> Try to post a complete smallest possible program that exhibits the problem. >> >> Possibly, in creating that example you'll also find what's cause the >> problem. :-) >> >> >> Cheers & hth., >> >> - Alf > > That is the smallest example the exhibits the problem. No, it doesn't seem to exhibit the problem at all. :-) > It's not an > issue with the Python code, it's an issue with how Windows is running > it. I don't know enough about the way Windows Explorer runs files, but > it seems to be doing the equivalent of > cd C:\Python31 > python31.exe C:\full\path\to\script\foo.py > > instead of > cd C:\full\path\path\to\script > C:\Python31\python.exe foo.py > which is David expected. This throws off the relative filepath. No, this is not what happens. What happens is that when you double-click the script, then __file__ is set to the absolute path instead of just the filename, at least on my machine (XP); whether the full path or just the filename is passed on the OS level depends, however, on the Windows version. The current directory is always (initially) correct, as the script's directory. > The easiest way to solve this permanently, by the way, is to not use > relative paths. All it takes is one script to call os.chdir and the > script breaks. You can use __file__ and the os.path module to figure > out exactly where you are in an OS-agnostic way. > > import os.path > #get the absolute path to the current script > abs_path = os.path.abspath(__file__) According to the docs: "On most platforms, this is equivalent to normpath(join(os.getcwd(), path))." Therefore, if getcwd() is not the script's directory, as you hypothesize above, then most likely the result of this code is Not The Path You're Looking For. However, since the current directory is in fact OK, the above is one way to get a sort of canonical (a where-you-know-the-format) representation of __file__. > # get the full path to the directory of the script > directory = os.path.dirname(abs_path) This is very much likely to yield the same result as calling os.getcwd(); see above. > #get the full path to your file > my_file = os.path.join(directory, "MyFile.xml") Cheers & hth., - Alf From: Benjamin Kaplan on 3 Feb 2010 23:41 On Wed, Feb 3, 2010 at 11:18 PM, Alf P. Steinbach wrote:> * Benjamin Kaplan: >> >> On Wed, Feb 3, 2010 at 9:56 PM, Alf P. Steinbach wrote: >>> >>> * David Monaghan: >>>> >>>> I have a small program which reads files from the directory in which it >>>> resides. It's written in Python 3 and when run through IDLE or PythonWin >>>> works fine. If I double-click the file, it works fine in Python 2.6, but >>>> in >>>> 3 it fails because it looks for the files to load in the Python31 >>>> folder, >>>> not the one the script is in. >>>> >>>> It's not a big deal, but browsing around I haven't found why the >>>> behaviour >>>> has been changed or any comment about it (That might be my poor search >>>> technique, I suppose). >>>> >>>> The program fails at: >>>> >>>>   try: >>>>       tutdoc = minidom.parse(".//Myfile.xml") >>>>   except IOError: >>>>       >>> >>> The "//" is wrong, but should not cause the behavior that you describe. >>> >>> Try to post a complete smallest possible program that exhibits the >>> problem. >>> >>> Possibly, in creating that example you'll also find what's cause the >>> problem. :-) >>> >>> >>> Cheers & hth., >>> >>> - Alf >> >> That is the smallest example the exhibits the problem. > > No, it doesn't seem to exhibit the problem at all. :-) > > >> It's not an >> issue with the Python code, it's an issue with how Windows is running >> it. I don't know enough about the way Windows Explorer runs files, but >> it seems to be doing the equivalent of >> cd C:\Python31 >> python31.exe C:\full\path\to\script\foo.py >> >> instead of >> cd C:\full\path\path\to\script >> C:\Python31\python.exe foo.py >> which is David expected. This throws off the relative filepath. > > No, this is not what happens. > > What happens is that when you double-click the script, then __file__ is set > to the absolute path instead of just the filename, at least on my machine > (XP); whether the full path or just the filename is passed on the OS level > depends, however, on the Windows version. > > The current directory is always (initially) correct, as the script's > directory. > Read my first paragraph again- it has absolutely nothing to do with Python. It has to do with how the Windows is running Python 3 on the OP's computer. The OP's description said that it was looking for the file .\\myfile.xml in C:\Python31 which means it translated '.', the current working directory, to be C:\Python31 and not the directory the script is in. > >> The easiest way to solve this permanently, by the way, is to not use >> relative paths. All it takes is one script to call os.chdir and the >> script breaks. You can use __file__ and the os.path module to figure >> out exactly where you are in an OS-agnostic way. >> >> import os.path >> #get the absolute path to the current script >> abs_path = os.path.abspath(__file__) > > According to the docs: "On most platforms, this is equivalent to > normpath(join(os.getcwd(), path))." > os.path.abspath will always work in this case (unless something changes the current working directory before that statement runs) because __file__ is given either as an absolute path or as relative to the current working directory. ----- /Users/bkaplan/test/test.py print(__file__) import os.path print(os.path.abspath(__file__)) ------------------ $cd /users/bkaplan$ python3 test/test.py python3 test/test.py test/test.py /Users/bkaplan/test/test.py $cd /users/bkaplan/test$ python3 test.py test.py /Users/bkaplan/test/test.py If abspath is given an absolute path, it won't touch it Output from double clicking on the file: /Users/bkaplan/test/test.py /Users/bkaplan/test/test.py > Therefore, if getcwd() is not the script's directory, as you hypothesize > above, then most likely the result of this code is Not The Path You're > Looking For. > Except that if the cwd is not the directory the script is running in, __file__ should still point to it either through an absolute path (highly likely since it's run through Windows Explorer) or some (however convoluted) relative path. > However, since the current directory is in fact OK, the above is one way to > get a sort of canonical (a where-you-know-the-format) representation of > __file__. > > >>  # get the full path to the directory of the script >> directory = os.path.dirname(abs_path) > > This is very much likely to yield the same result as calling os.getcwd(); > see above. > Not if there is more than one folder between __file__ and cwd. For instance, if the script is in a package several directories down from the main script. > >> #get the full path to your file >> my_file = os.path.join(directory, "MyFile.xml") > > > Cheers & hth., > > - Alf > -- > http://mail.python.org/mailman/listinfo/python-list >  |  Next  |  Last Pages: 1 2 3 Prev: equivalent of Ruby's Pathname?Next: Repeat an exception