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This is an excerpt from the latest version perlfaq4.pod, which
comes with the standard Perl distribution. These postings aim to
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4.58: How do I look up a hash element by value?

Create a reverse hash:

%by_value = reverse %by_key;
$key = $by_value{$value};

That's not particularly efficient. It would be more space-efficient to

while (($key, $value) = each %by_key) {
$by_value{$value} = $key;

If your hash could have repeated values, the methods above will only
find one of the associated keys. This may or may not worry you. If it
does worry you, you can always reverse the hash into a hash of arrays

while (($key, $value) = each %by_key) {
push @{$key_list_by_value{$value}}, $key;


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