From: ralf.schaa on 23 Dec 2009 00:09
I'm playing with some of the new features in F2003 and I try to
understand how to use type-bound procedures.
I came up with the example below which compiles and executes with
ifort 11.1 - my question are:
1) is "call t%test(t)" from the code below valid? Looks like a
2) when omitting "nopass", the compiler complaints
( 'The number of actual arguments cannot be greater than the number of
dummy arguments.' )
But why the need for "nopass" since clearly i pass something?
p.s. a search for "CLASS" and also "NOPASS" in the intel fortran help
did not show any results...(ifort 11.1 and visual studio 2008, both
type, public :: t_test
integer :: dummy
procedure, nopass :: test ! why nopass?
end type t_test
subroutine test( test_this )
class(t_test) :: test_this
test_this%dummy = 1
end subroutine test
end module class_test
type(t_test) :: t
call t%test(t) ! a bootstrap?
end program test
From: Richard Maine on 23 Dec 2009 00:43
ralf.schaa <ralf.schaa(a)gmail.com> wrote:
> 1) is "call t%test(t)" from the code below valid? Looks like a
Yes, it is valid. Looks nothing at all like a recursion. Recursion is
when a procedure invokes itself (directly or indirectly). I don't see
what procedure you think this looks even close to invoking itself. There
is only one procedure anywhere in sight and it doesn't invoke any
procedures at all, much less itself.
I think maybe you are using "recursive" with some meaning other than the
usual one. Perhaps you are using it as a synonym for "redundant", which
is a completely different thing. Yes, there is some redundancy here in
specifying t twice. That is the common redundancy that passed-object
dummy arguments can avoid.
> 2) when omitting "nopass", the compiler complaints
> ( 'The number of actual arguments cannot be greater than the number of
> dummy arguments.' )
> But why the need for "nopass" since clearly i pass something?
Nopass doesn't mean that you pass nothing. If that's all it meant, it
would be completely superfluous, as it would be evident in the call just
by putting nothing there. NOPASS means that there is no passed-object
dummy. A passed-object dummy is a dummy argument that associates with
the object used in the invocation rather than from something in the
actual argument list. That probably sounds confusing. I could recommend
a book that explains it in more detail :-)
But it could be illustrated in your example by taking the nopass off and
The passed-object dummy then associates with t. Do *NOT* also put t in
the actual argument list. That would be looking for a second dummy
argument (which you don't have).
> module class_test
> implicit none
> type, public :: t_test
> integer :: dummy
> procedure, nopass :: test ! why nopass?
> end type t_test
> subroutine test( test_this )
> class(t_test) :: test_this
> test_this%dummy = 1
> end subroutine test
> end module class_test
> program test
> use class_test
> type(t_test) :: t
> call t%test(t) ! a bootstrap?
> end program test
Richard Maine | Good judgment comes from experience;
email: last name at domain . net | experience comes from bad judgment.
domain: summertriangle | -- Mark Twain