From: Martin Brown on
On 15/07/2010 13:51, whisky-dave wrote:
> "Scotius"<yodasbud(a)> wrote in message
> news:fvbl365uk3dke9evr6fn07icl48upeo33q(a)
>> Suppose you've taken a photo that is blurred (not due to
>> movement, but due to improper focus).
>> Would it be possible, if you could look through just the right
>> type of lens, to see the picture correctly focused?

In general "the right type of lens" cannot be physically realised.

>> If so, would it be possible for software to calculate the
>> focus problem, or even for a photographer to just go through
>> progressively different foci to fix something that is blurred?

Software solutions exist for deconvolution of images with a uniform or
nearly uniform well characterised point spread function. Methods used to
make the Hubble images before its myopia was corrected for instance.

And there are clever coded aperture imaging arrays where the data
collected is used to infer an image with better light grasp and much
larger depth of field than a conventional circular lens aperture. eg
> I very muvh doubt it, and I thought adaptive optics was used
> to partialy overcome atmospheric interference. This is employed in ground
> based networked telescopes both for visible light and radi wave and IR I
> think.It's used by adapting the shape of the 'reflector' or whatever is
> grabbing the data from teh objects

There is a "rubber" mirror somewhere in the imaging train that is used
to adjust the wavefronts to obtain the sharpest possible rendition of an
artificial or real guide star. It is able to take out some of the
atmospheric seeing on big scopes.

Cheap versions to take out tip-tilt errors are available to amateur
astronomers and for small fields of view like planets the humble webcam
coupled with software allows keen amateurs to get images that would be
better than top observatories could manage a few decades ago.

Martin Brown